The word credit may be scary or viewed as something negative, but it can be the opposite. Credit isn't a bad thing if used responsibly and is a tool that can positively help your future. Looking to get a mortgage? How about a loan for a new set of wheels? Building and having a good credit score is essential throughout your life and enables you to borrow money for these life events.
Importance of Credit
Building credit is important as it identifies how you manage debt. By paying back the money you borrow with on-time payments, it shows you can responsibly manage debt and sets you up for the future.
A credit score will be given to you based on your credit behaviours. Credit scores range from 300 up to 900 points. When you're first starting out, you'll be at the lower end of the range. As you build your credit and display good credit behaviours, this score will increase. A score of 700 or above is considered good while a score of 800 or above is considered excellent. As good behaviours help improve your score, it's important to note that bad credit behaviours can decrease this score. This score is with you forever, and it's important you display positive credit behaviours.
You may think playing it safe by avoiding credit all together is the way to go, but in fact, it may be hindering you in the future. Without credit, you can't show if you can manage debt responsibly which can impact your ability to get a loan, mortgage, etc.
Start building credit as soon as possible. Start by applying for a low limit credit card after high school and paying the entire balance monthly. Credit cards are a great credit-building tool and can offer great additional features and benefits above and beyond just helping to build credit. Benefits from credit cards can range from insurance coverage to rewards points and even cash back to help pay your balance!
Good credit behaviours
Remember, good credit means you display positive credit behaviours showing you can responsibly manage debt. You can do this by:
- Paying your monthly bills (utility, cell phone, etc.) on time each month. Consider setting up automatic payments.
- Understand your spending and talk to a financial advisor to ensure the credit you have (credit cards, loans, etc.) is manageable and fits within your financial situation.
- Pay your credit card balance in full each month. Remember your credit card statement 'due date' is the date the money is due on the account and payments typically take a few days to process. Make payments at least 2-3 days prior to your due date to account for processing times.
- Do not apply for multiple loans or credit cards all within a short amount of time. Each time you apply for a loan, mortgage or credit card, the issuer does a hard credit inquiry or ‘a hit’ on your credit score showing that your credit has been checked. Excessive applications could affect your ability to be approved as it may look like you’re a riskier borrower or could be perceived as desperation.
Understanding your credit score and how your behaviours impact this score is important. You can do a soft inquiry (an inquiry only visible to you and that doesn't affect your credit score) by using www.transunion.ca. We also recommend speaking to your financial advisor. They'll work with you to understand your credit and create a plan to help you reach your financial goals.
As you can see, credit doesn't need to be a bad word. Building and developing good credit behaviours early on, help set you on the right track for life. Contact your financial advisor today to see how credit can be a positive for you.